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The Composite Face Effect in Six-year-old Children: Evidence of Adultlike Holistic Face Processing

The Composite Face Effect in Six-year-old Children: Evidence of Adultlike Holistic Face Processing,Catherine J. Mondloch,Thanujeni Pathman,Daphne Maur

The Composite Face Effect in Six-year-old Children: Evidence of Adultlike Holistic Face Processing   (Citations: 6)
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Abstract Holistic processing (i.e., gluing facial features together into a gestalt) is a hallmark of adults’ expert face recognition. Children make more errors than adults on a variety of face processing tasks even during adolescence. To determine whether this slow development can be attributed to immature holistic processing of unfamiliar faces, we tested six-year-old children (n=24) with a classic measure of adults’ holistic processing, the composite face effect: they made same/different judgments about the top halves of face pairs when each top half was combined with a different bottom half, with which it was aligned (so that holistic processing creates the impression of a different face) or misaligned (a manipulation that disrupts holistic processing). Six-year-olds showed,an
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    • ...Although children begin to process faces holistically by 4 to 6 years of age (de Heering, Houthuys, & Rossion, 2007; Mondloch, Pathman, Maurer, Le Grand, & de Schonen, 2007; Pellicano & Rhodes, 2003; Tanaka, Kay, Grinnell, Stansfield, & Szechter, 1998), it takes many years for children’s face processing abilities to reach adult levels...

    Xiaoqing Gaoet al. Influence of intensity on children’s sensitivity to happy, sad, and fe...

    • ...Children as young as 4 to 6 years of age also demonstrate holistic processing of faces (Carey & Diamond, 1994; de Heering, Houthuys, & Rossion, 2007; Mondloch et al., 2007; Pellicano & Rhodes, 2003; Pellicano, Rhodes, & Peters, 2006; Tanaka et al., 1998)...

    Mayu Nishimuraet al. Exploring children’s face-space: A multidimensional scaling analysis o...

    • ...higher-order vision are adult-like (Ellemberg, Lewis, Liu & Maurer, 1999; Mayer & Dobson, 1982; Parrish, Giaschi, Boden & Dougherty, 2005), and children perform (nearly) as well as adults on some measures of face processing, such as holistic processing (Carey & Diamond, 1994; de Heering, Houthuys & Rossion, 2007; Mondloch, Pathman, Maurer, Le Grand & de Schonen, 2007; Pellicano & Rhodes, 2003; Tanaka, Kay, ...

    Mayu Nishimuraet al. Fitting the child's mind to the world: adaptive norm-based coding of f...

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