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Social and Health Determinants of Well Being and Life Satisfaction in Jamaica

Social and Health Determinants of Well Being and Life Satisfaction in Jamaica,10.1177/0020764004040952,International Journal of Social Psychiatry,G. H

Social and Health Determinants of Well Being and Life Satisfaction in Jamaica   (Citations: 15)
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Background: Psychological well being and the degree of satisfaction with life are likely to affect a range of social behaviours and determine uptake of health and social services. It is important to identify the factors that inform these constructs.Aims: We sought to identify the variables which best predicted psychological well being in the Caribbean country, Jamaica and also those associated with feelings of satisfaction with life.Methods: Interviews were conducted on young adults aged 15–50 years as part of a sexual decision-making survey in Jamaica. Information was collected on a range of social, health and demographic variables and a measure of psychological well being – Centre for Epidemiological Studies of Depression (CES-D). Satisfaction with life was measured using a Likert scale in response to the question ‘Are you satisfied with your life as a whole?’ Multiple regression analyses were used to determine the predictors of psychological well being and satisfaction with life.Results: There were 2580 respondents (1601 women and 979 men). The mean age was 29.7 years (standard deviation 9.2 years). Women had lower levels of psychological well being and satisfaction with life. Independent predictors of lower psychological well being were having an acute illness, having a chronic illness in women and high religious behaviour in men. Satisfaction with life was predicted by younger age, marital status and employment.Conclusions: Our findings suggest that health variables are more important for psychological well being while social circumstances are more significant for satisfaction with life. There are important gender differences in the mediation of psychological well being as well as age differences in the variables associated with satisfaction with life.
Journal: International Journal of Social Psychiatry - INT J SOC PSYCHIATR , vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 43-53, 2004
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    • ...LS was measured by asking the following question: “How satisfied were you with your personal life in the last month?” A similar one-item measure of subjective well-being is thoroughly validated and widely used in German [13]; Canadian [14] and Jamaican [15] surveys...
    • ...The assessment of LS with a one-item question is disputed, however, previous studies have used similar questions [13-15] and the factorial load in the total Satisfaction With Life Scale is very high (.82 to .89) [39]...

    Maria E Lacruzet al. Prospective association between self-reported life satisfaction and mo...

    • ...These include Blake and Darling’ s( 2000) study in African Americans, the study of Hutchinson et al. (2004 )i n Jamaica, and Neto and Barros’ s( 2007) study in adolescents from Portuguese immigrant families in Switzerland...

    Kok-Mun Nget al. Gender Differences in Marital and Life Satisfaction among Chinese Mala...

    • ...Factors such as employment [2, 6, 8, 11, 51, 52], marital status [2, 8, 11, 53], race [3] and education [40] have consistently shown associations with life satisfaction in previous research...
    • ...Factors such as employment [2, 6, 8, 11, 51, 52], marital status [2, 8, 11, 53], race [3] and education [40] have consistently shown associations with life satisfaction in previous research...

    Tara W. Strineet al. The Associations Between Life Satisfaction and Health-related Quality ...

    • ...In a similar perspective on adolescents and young adults from Jamaica, Hutchinson et al. [22] concluded that there are important age differences in the variables associated with life satisfaction...
    • ...Most studies on gender effects report a poorer QOL in females compared to males, both in adolescents with chronic conditions such as cystic fibrosis [23], and diabetes [24, 25], as well as in healthy adolescents [14, 18, 22]...

    Lutz Goldbecket al. Life satisfaction decreases during adolescence

    • ...Non-functional ambulator (3) Non-ambulator (4)...
    • ...Employment status at the time of injury (1� /full-time employment, 2� /part-time employment, 3� /entrepreneur, 4� /studying, 5� /vocational rehabilitation, 6� /sick leave� /3 months, 7 � /retired with special agreement, 8� /disability pension, 9� /military service, 10� /parental leave, 11� / unemployed) Participating in work (1 � /3), Studying (4, 5, 9, 10), Non-participating in work (6, 7, 8, 11)...

    Kirsi Valtonenet al. WORK PARTICIPATION AMONG PERSONS WITH TRAUMATIC SPINAL CORD INJURY AND...

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