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Eyewitness Memory Enhancement in the Police Interview: Cognitive Retrieval Mnemonics Versus Hypnosis

Eyewitness Memory Enhancement in the Police Interview: Cognitive Retrieval Mnemonics Versus Hypnosis,10.1037/0021-9010.70.2.401,Journal of Applied Psy

Eyewitness Memory Enhancement in the Police Interview: Cognitive Retrieval Mnemonics Versus Hypnosis   (Citations: 107)
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This research compared the effectiveness of three interview procedures for optimizing eyewitness memory performance: (a) the "cognitive interview" based on memory-retrieval mnemonics from current memory theory, (b) the presently controversial hypnosis interview, and (c) the standard (control) police interview. These methods were evaluated empirically in a controlled, yet ecologically valid, laboratory setting. Eighty-nine subjects viewed police training films of simulated violent crimes and were questioned individually in interactive interviews 48 hours later by experienced law-enforcement personnel. Both the cognitive and hypnosis procedures elicited a significantly greater number of correct items of information from the subjects than did the standard interview. This result, which held even for the most critical facts from the films, was most pronounced for crime scenarios in which the density of events was high. The number of incorrect items of information generated did not differ across the three interview conditions. The observed memory enhancement was interpreted in terms of the memory-guidance techniques common to both the cognitive and hypnosis interviews. Neither differential questioning time nor heightened subject or interviewer motivation could explain the results.
Journal: Journal of Applied Psychology - J APPL PSYCHOL , vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 401-412, 1985
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    • ...It would be interesting to assess the effects of this new instruction with a longer and more complex scene since research has shown that the effects of the cognitive interview are even more observable in such a situation (Bekerian & Dennett, 1993; Geiselman, Fisher, MacKinnon, & Holland, 1985; Köhnken et al, 1999; Py, Ginet, Desperies, & Cathey, 1997)...

    Maïté Brunelet al. Cost and benefit of a new instruction for the cognitive interview: the...

    • ...A number of interview procedures have been developed with the goal of helping witnesses remember more, notably the cognitive interview (Geiselman et al, 1984; Geiselman, Fisher, MacKinnon, & Holland, 1985, 1986)...

    Annelies Vredeveldtet al. Eye-closure improves memory for a witnessed event under naturalistic c...

    • ...Based on eyewitness research, it has been suggested that the CI may only be beneficial when the witnessed event is relatively rich in details, like when both seeing and hearing and where several things occur simultaneously (Geiselman, Fisher, MacKinnon, & Holland, 1985)...

    Lisa Öhmanet al. Enhancing Adults' and Children’s Earwitness Memory: Examining Three Ty...

    • ...The main problems concern the production of errors when hypnotic techniques are used; hence, although some exceptions have been reported (see, for example, Geiselman, Fisher, MacKinnon, & Holland, 1985; Ready, Bothwell, & Brigham, 1997), a variety of evidence indicates that, when they occur, memory improvements associated with hypnosis tend to be accompanied by an increase in false positive responses, such that overall accuracy as determined by the proportion of correct to incorrect responses is not improved; in fact, it can deteriorate (see, for example, Dinges, Whitehouse, Orne, Powell, Orne, & Erdelyi, 1992; Dywan & Bowers, 1983; Erdelyi, 1994; Steblay & Bothwell, 1994)...

    Graham F. Wagstaffet al. Enhancing Witness Memory With Techniques Derived From Hypnotic Investi...

    • ...As we have shown here, however, it may be possible to retrieve the compartmentalized information if an effective retrieval cue can be created, as is attempted in the Cognitive Interview technique for eyewitness testimony (Geiselman, Fisher, MacKinnon & Holland, 1985 ;s ee Golding &L ong,1998, for a review of intentional forgetting in legal settings)...

    Melissa Lehmanet al. Overcoming the effects of intentional forgetting

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