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Ethics in computer software design and development

Ethics in computer software design and development,10.1016/S0168-1699(00)00158-7,Computers and Electronics in Agriculture,Alan J. Thomson,Daniel L. Sc

Ethics in computer software design and development   (Citations: 7)
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Over the past 20 years, computer software has become integral and commonplace for operational and management tasks throughout agricultural and natural resource disciplines. During this software infusion, however, little thought has been afforded human impacts, both good and bad. This paper examines current ethical issues of software system design and development in relation to privacy, accuracy, property, accessibility, and effects on quality of life. These issues are explored in the context of simulation models, databases, geographic information systems and artificial intelligence programs, especially expert systems. New approaches to system development place a much higher emphasis on the effects of system deployment within a complex human environment. Software design decisions often depend on more than one ethical issue, possibly conflicting, where the appropriate ethical choice is not always clear cut. Professional codes of ethics do little to change peoples’ behavior; rather, incentives for using an ethical approach to software development may lie in significantly increased likelihood of system success.
Journal: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture - COMPUT ELECTRON AGRIC , vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 85-102, 2001
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    • ...Systems engineering that treats ethical and human values such as privacy as central issues can result in both improved systems success and reduced human ramifications such as resistance (Thomson and Schmoldt 2001)...

    Peter J. Carewet al. Implications of an ethic of privacy for human-centred systems engineer...

    • ...Broadly speaking, the criticism comes from social scientists and it has been focused on the uneven social consequences of the GIS technology, questioning its impact on equity, justice, privacy, accuracy, accessibility, and quality of life (Pickles, 1995; Sheppard, 2001; Thomson and Schmoldt, 2001; Sieber, 2003)...
    • ...These dilemmas are related to such issues as accuracy, accessibility, accountability and shared responsibility (Massam, 1993; Thomson and Schmoldt, 2001; Ball, 2002)...
    • ...Appropriate access to GI technologies involves a number of both technical and social issues (Thomson and Schmoldt, 2001)...

    Jacek Malczewski. GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview

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