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Escala de violencia e índice de severidad: una propuesta metodológica para medir la violencia de pareja en mujeres mexicanas

Escala de violencia e índice de severidad: una propuesta metodológica para medir la violencia de pareja en mujeres mexicanas,10.1590/S0036-36342006000

Escala de violencia e índice de severidad: una propuesta metodológica para medir la violencia de pareja en mujeres mexicanas   (Citations: 4)
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Objective. To construct and validate a scale to assess vio- lence by the male partner against women. An index of se- verity of the emotional and physical damage was also designed to assess the intensity of the violent actions against women. Material and Methods. The sample consisted of a total of 26 042 women who participated as respondents in the National Survey on Violence against Women (ENVIM per its abbreviation in Spanish) conducted in Mexico during 2003. Respondents were all users of health services provid- ed by the Mexican government. The questionnaire was or- ganized into 17 sections, one of which was a 27-item scale to assess partner violence. The purpose of this scale was to measure the type (physical, emotional, sexual and financial) and degree of violence based on severity. A severity index was constructed based on two procedures: 1) the validity, reliability, and factor analyses of the scale and 2) the assess- ment of severity by expert judges who assigned a value to each item of the scale. Results. The validity and reliability results indicated this scale has adequate internal validity (Cronbach's Alpha=0.99). The factor analysis with Varimax rotation yielded a four-factor solution. The factors were: 1) Psychological violence; 2) Physical violence; 3) Severe phys- ical violence; and 4) Sexual violence. The combination of the four factors accounted for 62.2% of the variance in the scale. Using the ratings from the judges a table of values for each of the violent actions described was obtained. The scores assigned by the judges ranged from 0 to 354. Results re- Valdez-Santiago R, Híjar-Medina MC, Salgado de Snyder VN, Rivera-Rivera L, Avila-Burgos L, Rojas R. Escala de violencia e índice de severidad: una propuesta metodológica para medir la violencia de pareja en mujeres mexicanas. Salud Publica Mex 2006;48 supl 2:S221-S231.
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