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The Effect of Group Guidance Activities Regarding Adolescence and Sexual Health Education on Knowledge and Attitudes of 6th Graders

The Effect of Group Guidance Activities Regarding Adolescence and Sexual Health Education on Knowledge and Attitudes of 6th Graders,Seher Güler,Zeynep

The Effect of Group Guidance Activities Regarding Adolescence and Sexual Health Education on Knowledge and Attitudes of 6th Graders  
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In this study, the effect of group guidance activities regarding adolescence and sexual health education on knowledge and attitudes of 6th graders was examined. An experimental design was used as a research method, and there were 22 students in the experimental group and 24 students in the control group. In order to measure the knowledge and attitudes of students related to the adolescence and sexual health, "Knowledge Test for Adolescence and Sexual Health", "Attitude Scale", and "Personal Information Form" were used. The data collection tools were developed by the researchers. The findings of the study showed that there was a significant increase in the knowledge and attitudes of students who attended group guidance activities related to adolescence and sexual health. SUMMARY Purpose and significance: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of group guidance activities about adolescence and sexual health on the knowledge and attitudes of 6th graders. It is mostly accepted that sexual education in schools is necessary. However, there are limited number of experimental studies and also some confusion which model or approach is useful for implementing this subject in Turkey. Method: An experimental desing method was used, and there were 22 students in the experimental group, and 24 students in the control group. "Knowledge Test for Adolescence and Sexual Health", and "Attitude Scale, and "Personal Information Form" were used for data collection. Data collection tools were developed by the researchers. Group guidance activities with experimental group lasted 4 weeks, each session lasted 50 minutes in classes. Activities were about adolescence development, sexuality and reproduction, cultural and individual differences in sexual behaviors and attitudes, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual abuse and protection. For the analysis of data, 2×2 ANOVA was used. Results: The findings of study showed that there were significant increases (F(1, 44) = 15.60, p<.05) in the knowledge scores of experimental group that had taken group guidance activities regarding adolescence and sexual education with compared control group. There were no significant differences (F(1, 44) = .780, p >.05) between experimental and control groups' attitude scores. However, when we took group and treatment scores together it was found that there was an increase in attitude scores significantly (F(1, 44) = 4.817, p<.05) in the experimental group. Discussion and Conclusions: The results of study reflects that group guidance activities related to adolescence and sexual health resulted in a positive increase in knowledge and attitudes of students.In the related literature there are many research results showing the positive effect of sexual education on knowledge level of adolescents. But there is a doubt whether being knowledgeable about sexuality has an effect on students' attitudes or behaviours. It can be concluded that some attitudes, which were included in this research (talking with others, questioning and taking help when they need, respect for individual and cultural differences regarding sexual values etc.) can be changed more easily than behaviours. Depending on the results of this study, it is recommended that group guidance activities with small groups and using interactive methods can be an effective way to give adolescents some accurate information in Turkey. Also, school counselor has an important role in this subject.
Published in 2007.
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