Factors Influence The Development of Children's Ideas About Science Concepts

Factors Influence The Development of Children's Ideas About Science Concepts,Canan LACIN SIMSEK,Ramazan TEZCAN

Factors Influence The Development of Children's Ideas About Science Concepts  
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In recent years, children's ideas which are different from the ideas accepted scientifically, became one of the subject especially studied on. In this study, the factors affected forming and development of the ideas children have, are mentioned. These factors are refered in there main titles, based on child, characteristic of concept and learning environment and tried to explain with examples. SUMMARY Purpose and significance: Children are always in interaction with the environment around them. This interaction is limited at the begining but it develops by growing. While the interaction with the environment increases, children become more interested to events that occur around them. Children's effort to make sense of everything they hear, touch, taste and feel, make them produce some ideas about these events. However, children's way of thinking and constructing knowledge is not a simple process. This constructing process is unique for everyone. Child makes ideas about the events he observes, makes generalizations with these ideas and creates his knowledge world. Children, who used to observe, organise, arrange and generalize the events occur in their environment from the early ages, starts their school life with some ideas. These ideas percieves them in science lessons at most because this lesson includes the attractive and amazing events around them. Therefore, it is inavoidable to have some ideas about the subjects which he'll learn in formal science education. Ideas that children produce about the events around them, have a very important role in forming the concepts those will be taught in science lessons. These ideas sometimes are affected in a positive way and turn to ideas that accepted scientifically. However, these ideas sometimes affect the science education in a negative way and cause to wrong interpretion of science concepts. In this study, the factors affect the development of children's ideas are discussed. Methods: In this study, firstly literature has been investigated. Then, science concepts development and the factors those affect these development are listed, and tried to explain with examples. Results: The development of children's science concepts are influeced by many factors. It is possible to consider these factors in three main title: about the child, characterictics of concept and learning environmet. Factors about the child are experience about the concept, mental development, interest, attitude and sosyo-economic environment he lives in. Factors about the characterictics of concept are abstractness of concept, complexity and the differences and similarities to everyday language. Factors about the learning environments are the process of teaching/learning process, sufficiencies of teachers and textbooks. Discussion and conclusions: For a succesfull science teaching, tecahers have to know how children develop ideas about science concepts and which factors and how these factors affect the development of these ideas. Teachers have to consider what kind of experiences children have about the concept, what they think about their observation. Then, teachers have to plan the lessons in the light of children's cognitive development, interests and attitudes.
Published in 2008.
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