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Techniques for Data Hiding

Techniques for Data Hiding,10.1147/sj.353.0313,Ibm Systems Journal,Walter Bender,Daniel Gruhl,Norishige Morimoto,Anthony Lu

Techniques for Data Hiding   (Citations: 889)
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Journal: Ibm Systems Journal - IBMSJ , vol. 35, no. 3/4, pp. 313-336, 1996
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    • ...In the past decade, various audio watermarking schemes have been proposed based on techniques such as spread spectrum [9]‐[12], phase coding [5], [13], [14], masking [8], [15], [16], patchwork [17]‐[19], modified audio signal keying [20], and echo hiding [1], [3], [6], [7], [21]‐[23], [28]...

    Yong Xianget al. Effective Pseudonoise Sequence and Decoding Function for Imperceptibil...

    • ...Many data hiding methods have been proposed to hide secret data into an image [1-3], LSB image data hiding is the most classic and simplest techniques, which embeds secret messages in a subset of the LSB plane of the image [4]...

    Awad Kh. Al-Asmariet al. Wavelet-pixel value differencing technique for digital images data hid...

    • ...Over the decades, steganographic techniques were used to hide the critical data in cover images, audios and videos, thereby ensuring the legitimacy of the transmitted data [1-3]...

    PadmaPriya Praveen Kumaret al. Steg-OFDM blend for highly secure multi-user communication

    • ...Due to the fact that the HAS is more prone to slight disturbances of the medium, dealing with audio steganography is more subtle [3], [4]...
    • ...The phase coding technique was first described in [3]...
    • ...All other phase values are further modified in such a way that the phase difference Δϕ is the same for the original as well as the modified phase spectra [3]...
    • ...One issue with the existing approaches from [3] and [10] is the fact that these are non-blind algorithms...

    Marcus Nutzingeret al. A Novel Phase Coding Technique for Steganography in Auditive Media

    • ...The sender embeds secret data of any type using a key in a digital cover file to produce a stego file, in such a way that an observer cannot detect the existence of the hidden message [1]...
    • ...Image and video based steganography relies on the limited human visual system in remarking luminance variation at levels greater than 1 in 240 in uniform gray levels or 1 in 30 of random patterns [1]...
    • ...Also known as LSB (Least Significant Bit), it is one of the earliest methods used for information hiding [1]...
    • ...It is also noted that among data hiding techniques, phase coding tolerates better signal distortion [1]...
    • ...Despite the fact that phase quantization is robust to perceptual audio compression, HAS is not very sensitive to phase distortion [1]...
    • ...loud sounds tend to mask out quiet sounds) [1] have a dual effect on audio steganography system: (1) steganographer take to their advantage the fact that noise created by data embedding using frequency masking tend to be unnoticeable and (2) lossy audio data compression such as MPEG/Audio encoding will remove masked frequencies and consequently the embedded data [41]...

    Fatiha Djebbaret al. A view on latest audio steganography techniques

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