Cancer incidence and mortality in Europe, 2004

Cancer incidence and mortality in Europe, 2004,10.1093/annonc/mdi098,Annals of Oncology,P. Boyle,J. Ferlay

Cancer incidence and mortality in Europe, 2004   (Citations: 406)
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Background: There are no recent estimates of the incidence and mortality from cancer at a Euro- pean level. Those data that are available generally refer to the mid-1990s and are of limited use for cancer control planning. We present estimates of the cancer burden in Europe in 2004, including data for the (25 Member States) European Union. Methods: The most recent sources of incidence and mortality data available in the Descriptive Epi- demiology Group at IARC were applied to population projections to derive the best estimates of the burden of cancer, in terms of incidence and mortality, for Europe in 2004. Results: In 2004 in Europe, there were an estimated 2 886 800 incident cases of cancer diagnosed and 1 711 000 cancer deaths. The most common incident form of cancer was lung cancer (13.3% of all incident cases), followed by colorectal cancer (13.2%) and breast cancer (13%). Lung cancer was also the most common cause of cancer death (341 800 deaths), followed by colorectal (203 700), stomach (137 900) and breast (129 900). Conclusions: With an estimated 2.9 million new cases (54% occurring in men, 46% in women) and 1.7 million deaths (56% in men, 44% in women) each year, cancer remains an important public health problem in Europe, and the ageing of the European population will cause these numbers to continue to increase even if age-specific rates remain constant. To make great progress quickly against cancer in Europe, the need is evident to make a concerted attack on the big killers: lung, colorectal, breast and stomach cancer. Stomach cancer rates are falling everywhere in Europe and
Journal: Annals of Oncology - ANN ONCOL , vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 481-488, 2005
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