Academic
Publications
Trends in Mortality from Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Coronary Care Unit

Trends in Mortality from Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Coronary Care Unit,Peter Ting,Terrance SJ Chua,Aaron Wong

Trends in Mortality from Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Coronary Care Unit   (Citations: 2)
BibTex | RIS | RefWorks Download
Introduction: The treatment and outcome of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has evolved greatly over the past few decades. We compared the mortality and complication rates of patients with AMI admitted to the Coronary Care Unit (CCU) in 2002 to previously reported data. Materials and Methods: All data for AMI patients admitted to National Heart Centre CCU in 2002 were collected through the Singapore Cardiac Data Bank, including demographics, in- hospital complications and mortality. These were compared to previous reports from the same institution in 1988, 1975 and 1967. Results: A total of 516 cases with AMI were identified. A higher proportion of patients were aged ≥ ≥ ≥ ≥ ≥70 years in 2002 (31.8%) compared to 1988 (25%), 1975 (11%) and 1967 (5.6%). Acute percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was performed in 250 of 516 (48%) patients in 2002. The overall in-patient and age-standardised mortality was 14.7% and 10% respectively, compared to 20.6% and 17% respectively in 1988 (P = 0.06). For the 250 patients who underwent acute PTCA, overall mortality was 5.2% compared to 24% in those who did not (P <0.001). Common in-hospital complications included heart failure (38%), non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (8%), atrial fibrillation (8%) and complete heart block (6%). Age, heart failure, bundle branch block and sustained ventricular tachycardia were associated with higher mortality by univariate analysis. On multivariate analysis, older age, heart failure and the absence of percutaneous intervention were indepen- dently associated with higher mortality. Conclusion: In-hospital mortality for AMI patients admitted to the CCU declined from 1988 to 2002 despite a higher proportion of elderly patients. The introduction of new therapies including drugs and percutaneous intervention may have contributed to this decline. Ann Acad Med Singapore 2007;36:974-9
Cumulative Annual
Sort by: