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Prevention of Lymphocyst Formation Following Systematic Lymphadenectomy

Prevention of Lymphocyst Formation Following Systematic Lymphadenectomy,Ritsu Yamamoto,Tuyoshi Saitoh,Takeshi Kusaka,Yukiharu Todo,Mahito Takeda,Kazuh

Prevention of Lymphocyst Formation Following Systematic Lymphadenectomy   (Citations: 4)
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Background: The occurrence of pelvic lymphocysts is an important complication following sys- tematic lymphadenectomy for gynecological malignancies. We employed a procedure to pre- vent vaginal shortening following radical hysterectomy and we examined whether this procedure could be effective in preventing pelvic lymphocyst formation. Methods: We studied the incidence of lymphocysts in 190 patients with 84 cervical cancers, 74 endometrial cancers and 32 ovarian cancers, using computed tomographic examination at 3 and 6 months subsequent to the surgery. The surgery included radical hysterectomy and a procedure to prevent vaginal shortening (101), modified radical hysterectomy (79) and simple hysterectomy (7), with systematic lymphadenectomy. Results: There was a significant difference in the incidence of pelvic lymphocysts between cer- vical cancer (4.8%) and ovarian cancer (18.8%). The postoperative incidence of lymphocyst formation in patients undergoing radical hysterectomy with the procedure to prevent vaginal shortening (5.9%) was significantly lower than in those who underwent modified radical hyster- ectomy (15.2%). Conclusion: Our procedure to prevent vaginal shortening could be effective in preventing not only the shortening of the vagina but also the occurrence of pelvic lymphocysts in patients undergoing radical hysterectomy with systematic lymphadenectomy for gynecological malig- nancies.
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