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An Examination of General and Specific Motivational Mechanisms for the Relations Between Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behaviors

An Examination of General and Specific Motivational Mechanisms for the Relations Between Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behaviors,10.1521/jscp.2007.2

An Examination of General and Specific Motivational Mechanisms for the Relations Between Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behaviors   (Citations: 11)
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The purpose of this study was to test a model of the regulation of eating behaviors that could help to better understand the processes by which body dissatisfaction could be either associated with dysfunctional eating behaviors or with healthy eat- ing behaviors. Based on Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Ryan & Deci, 2000, it appears that women's general level of self-determination in life may help protect against pressures about body image and endorsement of society's be- liefs about thinness and obesity. Findings also suggest that women's general level of self-determination is positively associated with an autonomous regulation of eating behaviors (AREB) and negatively associated with a controlled regulation of eating behaviors (CREB). In turn, the AREB is positively associated with healthy eat- ing while CREB is positively associated with dysfunctional eating. Overall, it ap- pears that body dissatisfaction resulting from pressures about body image and endorsement of society's beliefs about thinness and obesity may be more closely associated with a controlled regulation of eating behaviors, which may explain its relation with eating pathology.
Journal: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology - J SOC CLIN PSYCHOL , vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 303-333, 2007
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    • ...Studies have demonstrated positive relationships between feelings of autonomy and healthy eating (Otis & Pelletier, 2008; Pelletier & Dion, 2007; Pelletier, Dion, Slovinec-D'Angelo, & Reid, 2004), and persistence in dieting and exercise activities (Hagger, Chatzisarantis, & Harris, 2006; Williams, Grow, Freedman, Ryan, & Deci, 1996)...

    Peter Clarkeet al. Indigenous Message Tailoring Increases Consumption of Fresh Vegetables...

    • ...Not only is there evidence that body image experiences predict the severity of problematic eating patterns, but longitudinal and structural modeling investigations also point to poor body image as a precursor of the adoption of dysfunctional eating behaviors among other unhealthy weight control strategies [e.g., [15-18]]...
    • ...In addition, poor body image has been consistently related to the adoption of maladaptive eating behaviors [e.g.,[16,17]], likely to undermine successful weight management...
    • ...However, based on the existing literature suggesting that poor body image is a precursor of dysfunctional eating behaviors [15,16,19], we hypothesized that it was the change in body image that resulted in positive changes in eating self-regulation...

    Eliana V Carraçaet al. Body image change and improved eating self-regulation in a weight mana...

    • ...For example, women's level of autonomy in their lives appears to protect against body image pressures (Pelletier & Dion, 2007) and is negatively associated with bulimic behaviours (Pelletier, Dion, & Lévesque, 2004)...

    Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumaniet al. Unhealthy weight control behaviours in adolescent girls: a process mod...

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