Gravitational production of superheavy dark matter

Gravitational production of superheavy dark matter,10.1103/PhysRevD.64.043503,Physical Review D,Daniel J. H. Chung,Patrick Crotty,Edward W. Kolb,Anton

Gravitational production of superheavy dark matter   (Citations: 4)
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The dark matter in the universe can be in the form of a superheavy matter species (wimpzilla). Several mechanisms have been proposed for the production of wimpzilla particles during or immediately following the inflationary epoch. Perhaps the most attractive mechanism is through gravitational particle production, where particles are produced simply as a result of the expansion of the universe. In this paper we present a detailed numerical calculation of wimpzilla gravitational production in hybrid-inflation models and natural-inflation models. Generalizing these findings, we also explore the dependence of the gravitational production mechanism on various models of inflation. We show that superheavy dark matter production seems to be robust, with Ω{sub X}h²â(M{sub X}/10¹¹GeV)²(T{sub RH}/10⁹GeV), so long as M{sub X}<H{sub I}, where M{sub X} is the wimpzilla mass, T{sub RH} is the reheat temperature, and H{sub I} is the expansion rate of the universe during inflation.
Journal: Physical Review D - PHYS REV D , vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 043503-043503, 2001
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