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Retenção e disponibilidade de água às plantas, em solo sob plantio direto e preparo convencional

Retenção e disponibilidade de água às plantas, em solo sob plantio direto e preparo convencional,10.1590/S1415-43662009000700007,Genei A. Dalmago,Home

Retenção e disponibilidade de água às plantas, em solo sob plantio direto e preparo convencional  
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This work had the objective of evaluating the soil water storage and availability to plants, when comparing the no-tillage (NT) and conventional tillage (CT) systems. The study was conducted in Eldorado do Sul, Brazil, in 2002. Soil density, total porosity, macroporosity, mesoporosity, microporosity, distribution of mesopores size, curves of water retention, field capacity (FC), and permanent wilting point (PWP) were analyzed in seven depths, into the soil profile. The highest differences occur- red close to the soil surface. At 2.5 cm deep, the soil density was 7% lower while the total soil porosity was about 15% higher in NT than in CT. The mesoporosity showed an exponential distribution in NT, with highest values for largest meso- pores, but it tended to a normal curve in CT. Considering the entire soil profile, the soil water storage was about 53% higher in CT than in NT. However, close to the soil surface (at 2.5 cm deep) it was 80% higher in NT than in CT. From the soil surface to 15 cm deep, 70% of the available water was retained above the limit of -80 kPa in NT, in comparison to 50% in CT. The no-tillage system increases the water availability to plants and reduces the energy of retention in the upper soil layers, in comparison to the conventional tillage.
Published in 2009.
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