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An attribute-based authorization policy framework with dynamic conflict resolution

An attribute-based authorization policy framework with dynamic conflict resolution,10.1145/1750389.1750395,Apurva Mohan,Douglas M. Blough

An attribute-based authorization policy framework with dynamic conflict resolution   (Citations: 1)
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Policy-based authorization systems are becoming more common as information systems become larger and more complex. In these systems, to authorize a requester to access a particular resource, the authorization system must verify that the policy authorizes the access. The overall authorization policy may consist of a number of policy groups, where each group consists of policies defined by different entities. Each policy contains a number of authorization rules. The access request is evaluated against these policies, which may produce conflicting authorization decisions. To resolve these conflicts and to reach a unique decision for the access request at the rule and policy level, rule and policy combination algorithms are used. In the current systems, these rule and policy combination algorithms are defined on a static basis during policy composition, which is not desirable in dynamic systems with fast changing environments. In this paper, we motivate the need for changing the rule and policy combination algorithms dynamically based on contextual information. We propose a framework that supports this functionality and also eliminates the need to recompose policies if the owner decides to change the combination algorithm. It provides a novel method to dynamically add and remove specialized policies, while retaining the clarity and modularity in the policies. The proposed framework also provides a mechanism to reduce the set of potential target matches, thereby increasing the efficiency of the evaluation mechanism. We developed a prototype system to demonstrate the usefulness of this framework by extending some basic capabilities of the XACML policy language. We implemented these enhancements by adding two specialized modules and several new combination algorithms to the Sun XACML engine.
Conference: Identity and Trust on the Internet - IDtrust , pp. 37-50, 2010
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