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Code Combining--A Maximum-Likelihood Decoding Approach for Combining an Arbitrary Number of Noisy Packets

Code Combining--A Maximum-Likelihood Decoding Approach for Combining an Arbitrary Number of Noisy Packets,10.1109/TCOM.1985.1096314,IEEE Transactions

Code Combining--A Maximum-Likelihood Decoding Approach for Combining an Arbitrary Number of Noisy Packets   (Citations: 443)
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It is well known that if the data rate is chosen below the available channel capacity, error-free communication is possible. Furthermore, numerous practical error-correction coding techniques exist which can be chosen to meet the user's reliability constraints. However, a basic problem in designing a reliable digital communication system is still the choice of the actual code rate. While the popular rate-1/2 code rate is a reasonable, but not optimum, choice for additive Gaussian noise channels, its selection is far from optimum for channels where a high percentage of the transmitted bits are destroyed by interference. Code combining represents a technique of matching the code rate to the prevailing channel conditions. Information is transmitted in packet formats which are encoded with a relatively high-rate code, e.g., rate 1/2, which can be repeated to Obtain reliable communications when the redundancy in a rate-1/2 code is not sufficient to overcome the channel interference. The receiver combines noisy packets (code combining) to obtain a packet with a code rate which is low enough such that reliable communication is possible even for channels with extremely high error rates. By combining the minimum number of packets needed to overcome the channel conditions, the receiver optimizes the code rate and minimizes the delay required to decode a given packet. Thus, the receiver adapts to the actual jammer-to-signal(J/S)ratio which is critical when the level of interferenceJis not known a priori.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Communications - TCOM , vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 385-393, 1985
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