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Neuromorphic electronic systems

Neuromorphic electronic systems,10.1109/5.58356,Proceedings of The IEEE,CARVER MEAD

Neuromorphic electronic systems   (Citations: 182)
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It is shown that for many problems, particularly those in which the input data are ill-conditioned and the computation can be specified in a relative manner, biological solutions are many orders of magnitude more effective than those using digital methods. This advantage can be attributed principally to the use of elementary physical phenomena as computational primitives, and to the representation of information by the relative values of analog signals rather than by the absolute values of digital signals. This approach requires adaptive techniques to mitigate the effects of component differences. This kind of adaptation leads naturally to systems that learn about their environment. Large-scale adaptive analog systems are more robust to component degradation and failure than are more conventional systems, and they use far less power. For this reason, adaptive analog technology can be expected to utilize the full potential of wafer-scale silicon fabrication
Journal: Proceedings of The IEEE - PIEEE , vol. 78, no. 10, pp. 1629-1636, 1990
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