Large-Scale Event Detection Using Semi-Hidden Markov Models
We present a new approach to recognizing events in videos. We first detect and track moving objects in the scene. Based on the shape and motion properties of these objects, we infer probabilities of primitive events frame-by-frame by using Bayesian networks. Composite events, consisting of multiple primitive events, over extended periods of time are analyzed by using a hidden, semi-Markov finite state model. This results in more reliable event segmentation compared to the use of standard HMMs in noisy video sequences at the cost of some increase in computational complexity. We describe our approach to reducing this complexity. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm using both real-world and perturbed data.