Origin of the low-mass electron pair excess in light nucleus–nucleus collisions
G. Agakichiev, A. Balanda, D. Belver, A. V. Belyaev, A. Blanco, M. Böhmer, J. L. Boyard, P. Braun-Munzinger, P. Cabanelas, E. Castro, S. Chernenko, T. Christhttp://academic.research.microsoft.com/io.ashx?type=5&id=18423042&selfId1=0&selfId2=0&maxNumber=12&query=
We report measurements of electron pair production in elementary p+p and d+p reactions at 1.25 GeV/u with the HADES spectrometer. For the first time, the electron pairs were reconstructed for n+p reactions by detecting the proton spectator from the deuteron breakup. We find that the yield of electron pairs with invariant mass Me+e−>0.15 GeV/c2 is about an order of magnitude larger in n+p reactions as compared to p+p. A comparison to model calculations demonstrates that the production mechanism is not sufficiently described yet. The electron pair spectra measured in C+C reactions are compatible with a superposition of elementary n+p and p+p collisions, leaving little room for additional electron pair sources in such light collision systems.