Polymeric anodes for organic light-emitting diodes

Polymeric anodes for organic light-emitting diodes,10.1016/S0379-6779(97)80207-X,Synthetic Metals,J. C. Scott,S. A. Carter,S. Karg,M. Angelopoulos

Polymeric anodes for organic light-emitting diodes   (Citations: 22)
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Polymer light-emitting diodes based on PPV, for example MEH-PPV, are known to be susceptible to photo-oxidative degradation. The formation of the carbonyl species in the polymer results in quenching of the luminescence. In addition the oxidation process reduces the conjugation of the polymer, leading to lower charge carrier mobilities and consequently higher operating voltages. Previous in situ FTIR studies revealed that even in a dry inert atmosphere polymer oxidation occurs, and that ITO can act as the source of oxygen. In order to explore further the nature of the oxidation mechanism and to provide guidance for its elimination, we have studied the behavior of MEH-PPV LEDs prepared with conducting polymer anodes. When a layer of polyaniline is present between the ITO and the MEH-PPV the device characteristics improve dramatically: the injection voltage drops, the luminous efficiency increases and, most significantly, the rate of decay of the luminance decreases by up to two orders of magnitude. These data not only confirm that ITO is a source of oxygen, but also imply that the oxidation mechanism is due to direct interfacial reaction. We compare several different forms of polyaniline, with different dopants, as well as a derivative of a polythiophene.
Journal: Synthetic Metals - SYNTHET METAL , vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 1197-1200, 1997
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