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C-QWIP focal plane arrays

C-QWIP focal plane arrays,10.1016/j.infrared.2009.05.021,Infrared Physics & Technology,K. K. Choi,D. P. Forrai,D. Endres,J. Sun,P. Pinsukanjana,J. W.

C-QWIP focal plane arrays  
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We have been developing corrugated quantum well infrared photodetector (C-QWIP) technology for long wavelength applications. A number of large format 1024×1024 C-QWIP focal plane arrays (FPAs) have been demonstrated. In this paper, we will provide a detailed analysis on the FPA performance in terms of quantum efficiency η and compare it with a detector model. We found excellent agreement between theory and experiment when both the material parameters and the pixel geometry were taken into account. By changing the number of quantum wells, doping density, spectral bandwidth and pixel size, a range of η from 13% to 37% was obtained. This range of η, combined with the wide spectral width, enables C-QWIPs to be operated at a high speed. For example, model analysis shows that a C-QWIP FPA with 10.7μm cutoff and 25μm pitch will have a thermal sensitivity of 16mK at 2ms integration time with f/2 optics in the presence of 900 readout noise electrons.
Journal: Infrared Physics & Technology - INFRARED PHYS TECHNOL , vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 364-370, 2009
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