Assessment of compatibility of ICRF antenna operation with full W wall in ASDEX Upgrade

Assessment of compatibility of ICRF antenna operation with full W wall in ASDEX Upgrade,10.1088/0029-5515/50/3/035004,Nuclear Fusion,Vl. V. Bobkov,F.

Assessment of compatibility of ICRF antenna operation with full W wall in ASDEX Upgrade   (Citations: 2)
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Vl. V. Bobkov, F. Braun, R. Dux, A. Herrmann, L. Giannone, A. Kallenbach, A. Krivska, H. W. Müller, R. Neu, J.-M. Noterdaeme, T. Pütterich, V. Rohde
The compatibility of ICRF (ion cyclotron range of frequencies) antenna operation with high-Z plasma facing components is assessed in ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) with its tungsten (W) first wall. The mechanism of ICRF-related W sputtering was studied by various diagnostics including the local spectroscopic measurements of W sputtering yield YW on antenna limiters. Modification of one antenna with triangular shields, which cover the locations where long magnetic field lines pass only one out of two (0pi)-phased antenna straps, did not influence the locally measured YW values markedly. In the experiments with antennas powered individually, poloidal profiles of YW on limiters of powered antennas show high YW close to the equatorial plane and at the very edge of the antenna top. The YW-profile on an unpowered antenna limiter peaks at the location projecting to the top of the powered antenna. An interpretation of the YW measurements is presented, assuming a direct link between the W sputtering and the sheath driving RF voltages deduced from parallel electric near-field (E||) calculations and this suggests a strong E|| at the antenna limiters. However, uncertainties are too large to describe the YW poloidal profiles. In order to reduce ICRF-related rise in W concentration CW, an operational approach and an approach based on calculations of parallel electric fields with new antenna designs are considered. In the operation, a noticeable reduction in YW and CW in the plasma during ICRF operation with W wall can be achieved by (a) increasing plasma-antenna clearance; (b) strong gas puffing; (c) decreasing the intrinsic light impurity content (mainly oxygen and carbon in AUG). In calculations, which take into account a realistic antenna geometry, the high E|| fields at the antenna limiters are reduced in several ways: (a) by extending the antenna box and the surrounding structures parallel to the magnetic field; (b) by increasing the average strap-box distance, e.g. by increasing the number of toroidally distributed straps; (c) by a better balance of (0pi)-phased contributions to RF image currents.
Journal: Nuclear Fusion - NUCL FUSION , vol. 50, no. 3, 2010
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