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Bose-Einstein condensation of ^{88}Sr through sympathetic cooling with ^{87}Sr

Bose-Einstein condensation of ^{88}Sr through sympathetic cooling with ^{87}Sr,10.1103/PhysRevA.81.051601,Physical Review A,P. G. Mickelson,Y. N. Mart

Bose-Einstein condensation of ^{88}Sr through sympathetic cooling with ^{87}Sr  
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We report Bose-Einstein condensation of $^{88}$Sr, which has a small, negative s-wave scattering length ($a_{88}=-2$\,$a_0$). We overcome the poor evaporative cooling characteristics of this isotope by sympathetic cooling with $^{87}$Sr atoms. $^{87}$Sr is effective in this role in spite of the fact that it is a fermion because of the large ground state degeneracy arising from a nuclear spin of $I=9/2$, which reduces the impact of Pauli blocking of collisions. We observe a limited number of atoms in the condensate ($N_{max}\approx 10^4$) that is consistent with the value of $a_{88}$ and the optical dipole trap parameters.
Journal: Physical Review A - PHYS REV A , vol. 81, no. 5, 2010
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