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The Structure and Processing of Fundamental Frequency Contours

The Structure and Processing of Fundamental Frequency Contours,K. E. A. Silverman

The Structure and Processing of Fundamental Frequency Contours   (Citations: 86)
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Published in 1987.
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    • ...For example, Silverman (1987) found that judgments of the height of an intonational pitch accent in such sentences as “They always feast before fasting” and “They always fast before feasting” reflected compensation for the higher intrinsic f 0 (Sapir, 1989) of the high vowel /F/ than of the low vowel />/...
    • ...In this study, we extended the findings of compensation for segmental coarticulation (Mann, 1980; Mann & Repp, 1980; and many follow-ups) and compensation for coarticulation involving f 0 (e.g., Fowler & Brown, 1997; Pardo & Fowler, 1997; Silverman, 1986, 1987) to compensation involving coarticulatory effects that affect measured syllable duration...

    Carol A. Fowleret al. Listeners’ perception of compensatory shortening

    • ...In Suma (Bradshaw 1999), for instance, imperfective verbs start with a High tone (éé ‘leave behind’, kírí ‘look for’), except when they begin with a voiced obstruent, in which case the first tone is rising (i.e...
    • ...Botswana Kalang’a (Bradshaw 1999) is a language where the former process applies...
    • ...Kaye, Lowenstam & Vergnaud 1987; Bradshaw 1999)...

    Ben Hermanset al. Tone and Intrasegmental Structure in West-Germanic Dialects 2. Applica...

    • ...[11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18]) showing that pitch range—the fundamental frequency span between the realizations of high and low tones—is higher at the beginning of a discourse unit (e.g...

    Ekaterina Jasinskajaet al. Nuclear Accent Placement and Other Prosodic Parameters as Cues to Pron...

    • ...( Silverman , 1987 ). Also, van Santen and Hirschberg ( 1994 ) showed that voiceless consonants and voiced obstruents can make shortlived changes of about 20 Hz near the onset of voicing...

    Greg Kochanski. Simple Prosodic Peak Estimation under Segmental Perturbations

    • ...Silverman (1987) studied one such instance...
    • ...Silverman (1987) presented listeners with sentence pairs that included two intonational pitch accents, one on an /i/ vowel and one on an /a/ vowel—for example, “They only feast before fasting” and “They only fast before feasting.” (Speakers of the sentences spoke dialects of British English, so that the vowel was /a/, not American English /�/.) In one experiment, the first pitch accent was held fixed, and the second varied in seven steps, ...
    • ...Silverman (1987) found that, in their judgments of peak height, listeners compensated for intrinsic f 0. That is, to be judged equal in pitch to a pitch accent on /a/, an accent on /i/ had to be higher in f 0. This evidence of compensation is not amenable to an account in terms of spectral contrast...
    • ...Listeners do not hear an f 0 contributed by a high vowel as part of a pitch accent (Silverman, 1987), but they do use it as information for vowel height (Reinholt-Peterson, 1986)...
    • ...They are like those in the research in which vowel height and intonational gestures have had converging effects concurrently on f 0, and listeners have compensated for the vowels’ intrinsic f 0 in judging peak height (Silverman, 1987), and they are like Experiment 4 in Holt et al. (2005)...

    Carol A. Fowler. Compensation for coarticulation reflects gesture perception, not spect...

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