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Self-explaining expository texts: the dual processes of generating inferences and repairing mental models

Self-explaining expository texts: the dual processes of generating inferences and repairing mental models,M. T. Chi

Self-explaining expository texts: the dual processes of generating inferences and repairing mental models   (Citations: 107)
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Published in 2000.
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    • ...This self-explanation effect seems to benefit learning via multiple routes, both by supplementing the presented information through the generation of relevant inferences and by helping learners to recognize and correct disparities between their own mental models and the ones suggested by the examples (see Chi, 2000)...

    Samuel B. Dayet al. The Import of Knowledge Export: Connecting Findings and Theories of Tr...

    • ...Some of these approaches include the use of refutational texts (Sinatra & Broughton, 2011; Guzzetti, Snyder, Glass, & Gamas, 1993), modeling (Jonassen, 2008), promoting cognitive conflict (Chan, Burtis, & Bereiter, 1997), collaborative argumentation (Nussbaum & Sinatra, 2003), persuasive pedagogies (Sinatra & Kardash, 2004) and self explanation (Chi, 2000)...

    Eric M. Andermanet al. The challenges of teaching and learning about science in the twenty-fi...

    • ...The two most successful cognitive mechanisms of self-explanations appear to be filling knowledge gaps (Chi, 2000) and constructing knowledge networks (Novak, 2002)...

    Jimmie Leppinket al. Prior knowledge moderates instructional effects on conceptual understa...

    • ...We addressed this challenge in part by reducing the tutor’s role as a provider of content by having all students self-explain (Chi 2000; Chi et al. 1994) the same set of instructional materials...
    • ...The foundation of day 1’s tutoring was having each student self-explain the same text about the cardiovascular system (adapted from Chi et al. 2001 to focus on the target facts and principles), a method shown to promote both learning and transfer (Chi 2000; Chi et al. 1994; Rittle-Johnson 2006)...
    • ...Drawing on methods established in prior research (Chi 2000; Chi et al. 1994; McNamara 2004), students were first trained to self-explain using an unrelated science text (Macaulay 1988), and then asked to read each sentence from the cardiovascular system text out loud and self-explain it. Although most students regularly selfexplained without difficulty, if the tutor observed a student only paraphrasing a sentence (cf...

    Randi A. EnglePhiet al. The influence of framing on transfer: initial evidence from a tutoring...

    • ...In the current work, we focus on two classes of instructional prompts that correspond to two hypothesized mechanisms of self-explanation, specifically, gap-filling (Chi and Bassok 1989) and mental-model revision (Chi 2000)...
    • ...example prompts). Chi (2000) argued that when students read a line of text, they compare their interpretation of the text to their prior understanding...
    • ...These prompts promote the detection of errors or discrepancies between one’s prior knowledge and the target knowledge and provide an opportunity to engage in error-correction to revise that knowledge (Chi 2000)...

    Timothy J. NokesRobertet al. Testing the instructional fit hypothesis: the case of self-explanation...

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