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ATP and its N 6 -substituted analogues: parameterization, molecular dynamics simulation and conformational analysis

ATP and its N 6 -substituted analogues: parameterization, molecular dynamics simulation and conformational analysis,10.1007/s00894-010-0808-3,Journal

ATP and its N 6 -substituted analogues: parameterization, molecular dynamics simulation and conformational analysis  
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In this work we used a combination of classical molecular dynamics and simulated annealing techniques to shed more light on the conformational flexibility of 12 adenosine triphosphate (ATP) analogues in a water environment. We present simulations in AMBER force field for ATP and 12 published analogues [Shah et al. (1997) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 3565–3570]. The calculations were carried out using the generalized Born (GB) solvation model in the presence of the cation Mg2+. The ion was placed at a close distance (2 Å) from the charged oxygen atoms of the beta and gamma phosphate groups of the −3 negatively charged ATP analogue molecules. Analysis of the results revealed the distribution of inter-proton distances H8–H1′ and H8–H2′ versus the torsion angle ψ (C4–N9-C1′–O4′) for all conformations of ATP analogues. There are two gaps in the distribution of torsion angle ψ values: the first is between −30 and 30 degrees and is described by cis-conformation; and the second is between 90 and 175 degrees, which mostly covers a region of anti conformation. Our results compare favorably with results obtained in experimental assays [Jiang and Mao (2002) Polyhedron 21:435–438]. Figure Dihedral O4′–C1′–N9–C4 angle dependence on inter-proton distances H8–H1′ (crosses) and H8–H2′ (dots) measured for ATP
Journal: Journal of Molecular Modeling - J MOL MODEL , vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1081-1090, 2011
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