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Design and application of Hadamard-injectors coupled with gas and supercritical fluid sample collection systems in Hadamard transform-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

Design and application of Hadamard-injectors coupled with gas and supercritical fluid sample collection systems in Hadamard transform-gas chromatograp

Design and application of Hadamard-injectors coupled with gas and supercritical fluid sample collection systems in Hadamard transform-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry  
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A novel Hadamard transform-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HT-GC/MS) system equipped with on-line sample collection systems is described. A Hadamard-injector was successfully designed and then coupled with an on-line adsorption/desorption system for detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and a supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) system, respectively, by HT-GC/MS. Six VOCs and three pesticides were used as model compounds. In the former case, an activated-charcoal trap was used to trap VOCs from the indoor air. After 10L of indoor air had passed through the trap, the condensed components were heated and simultaneously injected into the GC column through the Hadamard-injector, based on Hadamard codes. In a second experiment, a sample of rice was spiked with three types of pesticides and the sample then extracted using a commercially available supercritical fluid extractor. After extraction, the extracted components were transferred to a holding tank and simultaneously injected into the GC column also using the Hadamard-injector. The findings show that, in both cases, the combination of on-line sample collection methods and the use of the Hadamard transform resulted in improved sensitivity and detection. Compared to the single injection used in most GC/MS systems, the signal-to-noise (S/N) ratios were substantially improved after inverse Hadamard transformation of the encoded chromatogram.
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A - J CHROMATOGR A , vol. 1217, no. 5, pp. 755-760, 2010
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