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Synergy effects of ZSM-5 addition in fluid catalytic cracking of hydrotreated flashed distillate

Synergy effects of ZSM-5 addition in fluid catalytic cracking of hydrotreated flashed distillate,10.1016/S0926-860X(01)00746-3,Applied Catalysis A-gen

Synergy effects of ZSM-5 addition in fluid catalytic cracking of hydrotreated flashed distillate   (Citations: 5)
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The effects of ZSM-5 addition in fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) are evaluated. Addition of ZSM-5 to the base catalyst in cracking of a hydrotreated flashed distillate at different residence times has as main result a higher production of LPG-range olefins. The results show that this is not solely caused by cracking of gasoline-range olefins by ZSM-5.ZSM-5 is able to produce LPG-range olefins (and gasoline) by cracking of feedstock-range hydrocarbons, probably after pre-cracking of a part of the paraffinic feedstock by the base catalyst or by thermal cracking. In the presence of the base catalyst, the activity of ZSM-5 for HCO cracking is comparable to the activity of the base catalyst and more than an order of magnitude larger than the activity of pure ZSM-5. Afterwards, when this pre-cracked feedstock has been consumed and significant amounts of gasoline-range olefins have become available, additional LPG-range olefins are produced by cracking of these gasoline-range olefins over the ZSM-5 additive. From a qualitative discussion of the results and a simple kinetic model it was concluded that the synergy is due to a combination of cracking of the feedstock molecules by the base catalyst and subsequently cracking of the olefins produced by the ZSM-5 catalyst.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A-general - APPL CATAL A-GEN , vol. 223, no. 1, pp. 103-119, 2002
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