Morphology, thermal relaxations and mechanical properties of layered silicate nanocomposites based upon high-functionality epoxy resins
This paper investigates the possibility of improving the mechanical properties of high-functionality epoxy resins through dispersion of octadecyl ammonium ion-modified layered silicates within the polymer matrix. The different resins used are bifunctional diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA), trifunctional triglycidyl p-amino phenol (TGAP) and tetrafunctional tetraglycidyldiamino diphenylmethane (TGDDM). All resins are cured with diethyltoluene diamine (DETDA). The morphology of the final, cured material was probed by wide-angle X-ray scattering, as well as optical and atomic force microscopy. The α- and β-relaxation temperatures of the cured systems were determined using dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. It was found that the presence of organoclay steadily decreased both transition temperatures with increasing filler concentration. Further, the effect of different concentrations of the alkyl ammonium-modified layered silicate on the toughness and stiffness of the different epoxy resins was analyzed. All resin systems have shown improvement in both toughness and stiffness of the materials through the incorporation of layered silicates, despite the fact that it is often found that these two properties cannot be simultaneously achieved.
, vol. 43, no. 16, pp. 4365-4373, 2002