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Pore-Scale Analysis of NAPL Blob Dissolution and Mobilization in Porous Media

Pore-Scale Analysis of NAPL Blob Dissolution and Mobilization in Porous Media,10.1007/s11242-008-9331-8,Transport in Porous Media,M. Yavuz Corapcioglu

Pore-Scale Analysis of NAPL Blob Dissolution and Mobilization in Porous Media  
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A pore-scale analysis of nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) blob dissolution and mobilization in porous media was presented. Dissolution kinetics of residual NAPLs in an otherwise water-saturated porous medium was investigated by conducting micromodel experiments. Changes in residual NAPL volume were measured from recorded video images to calculate the mass transfer coefficient, K and the lumped mass transfer rate coefficient, k. The morphological characteristics of the blobs such as specific and intrinsic area were found to be independent of water flow rate except at NAPL saturations below 2%. Dissolution process was also investigated by separating the mass transfer into zones of mobile and immobile water. The fractions of total residual NAPL perimeters in contact with mobile water and immobile water were measured and their relationship to the mass transfer coefficient was discussed. In general, residual NAPLs are removed by dissolution and mobilization. Although these two mechanisms were studied individually by others, their simultaneous occurrence was not considered. Therefore, in this study, mobilization of dissolving NAPL blobs was investigated by an analysis of the forces acting on a trapped NAPL blob. A dimensional analysis was performed to quantify the residual blob mobilization in terms of dimensionless Capillary number (Ca I). If Ca I is equal to or greater than the trapping number defined as $${{2\pi R_{\rm n} k_{\rm 0} k_{\rm rw}}/{\left[{(S_{\rm ni}-Da_{\rm I} P_{\rm v}^\# \Delta C^{\ast})V_{\rm p}}\right]}}$$, then blob mobilization is expected.
Journal: Transport in Porous Media - TRANS POROUS MEDIA , vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 419-442, 2009
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