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Removal of 2,4-diclorophenol from aqueous solutions using tobacco hairy root cultures

Removal of 2,4-diclorophenol from aqueous solutions using tobacco hairy root cultures,10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.11.103,Journal of Hazardous Materials,Mel

Removal of 2,4-diclorophenol from aqueous solutions using tobacco hairy root cultures   (Citations: 4)
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2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) is harmful for aquatic life and human health, so many attempts have focused on removing it through innocuous technologies. Hairy roots (HR) represent an interesting plant system to study the process and to remove efficiently this compound. In the present work, tobacco HR clones were obtained and one of them was selected for 2,4-DCP phytoremediation assays. These cultures removed 2,4-DCP in short time and with high efficiency (98%, 88% and 83%) for solutions initially containing 250, 500 and 1000mg/L, respectively. Removal process was mainly associated with peroxidase activity. The highest efficiency for 2,4-DCP (500mg/L) removal was reached at 60min and using 10mM H2O2. Moreover, HR could be re-used, almost for three consecutive cycles. The diminution of pH and the increase of chloride ions in post-removal solutions suggested that 2,4-DCP dehalogenation was mediated by peroxidases. Moreover, changes in deposition pattern of lignin in HR exposed to 2,4-DCP suggested that cell walls of xylem and phloem elements would be the site of deposition of some products formed and they would be a lignin-type polymer. These findings contribute to understand 2,4-DCP removal process with tobacco HR and it might have implications in the use of this system for decontamination of polluted waters.
Journal: Journal of Hazardous Materials - J HAZARD MATER , vol. 176, no. 1, pp. 784-791, 2010
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