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A low energy building in a life cycle—its embodied energy, energy need for operation and recycling potential

A low energy building in a life cycle—its embodied energy, energy need for operation and recycling potential,10.1016/S0360-1323(01)00033-6,Building an

A low energy building in a life cycle—its embodied energy, energy need for operation and recycling potential   (Citations: 52)
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Total energy use during the life cycle of a building is a growing research field. The embodied energy makes up a considerable part of the total energy use in low energy buildings. Recycling provides the opportunity to reduce the embodied energy by using recycled materials and reusable/recyclable materials/components. This paper presents values on embodied energy, energy needed for operation and the recycling potential of the most energy efficient apartment housing in Sweden (45kWh/m2). In a life span of 50 years, embodied energy accounted for 45% of the total energy need. The recycling potential was between 35% and 40% of the embodied energy.
Journal: Building and Environment - BLDG ENVIRON , vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 429-435, 2002
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    • ...Thus, the role of the life cycle phases may change (Thormark, 2002; Citherlet and Defaux, 2007; Blengini and Di Carlo, 2010; Blom et al...

    Anne Sigrid Nordby. Carbon reductions and building regulations: the case of Norwegian moun...

    • ...Energy consumption can be recovered by recycling process and environmental impacts are therefore lessened [5]...

    Sheng-Han Liet al. Life cycle balance of building structures in Taiwan and substitution e...

    • ...Data for the material production in passive house buildings were partly collected from Thormark (2002, 2007) and partly calculated in the present study...

    Birgit Brunklauset al. Illustrating limitations of energy studies of buildings with LCA and a...

    • ...Sinivuori and Saari 2006 Yes No No Yes Suzuki and Oka 1998 Partly indicated No Yes Yes Thormark 2002 Mostly indicated No No No...
    • ...Thormark 2002 Yes Not indicated Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Thormark 2006 Yes Not indicated Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes...

    Michael Optiset al. Inadequate documentation in published life cycle energy reports on bui...

    • ...Considering that in some cases EOL phase is excluded because of lack of data on demolition, recovery and recycling of materials (Ortiz et al. 2009a; Huberman and Pearlmutter 2008) or modelled with literature data and/ or heavy simplifications (Scheuer et al. 2003; Adalberth et al. 2001; Chen et al. 2001; Citherlet and Defaux 2007; Junnila 2004; Thormark 2002; Peuportier 2001; Kofoworola and Gheewala 2008), special attention was paid to ...
    • ...As a consequence, the recycling potentials, defined and discussed in previous studies (Thormark 2002; Blengini 2009), could be taken into account only for some materials, while for others, the only credible option was landfilling or incineration...
    • ...While it is true that disposal of building materials is often disregarded (Althaus et al. 2005) and there is limited quantitative information on the actual demolition process (Scheuer et al. 2003), there are a few studies (Thormark 2002; Blengini 2009; Dewulf et al. 2009) that contain useful quantitative and methodological information on the role of EOL in building sustainability...
    • ...To improve sustainability, it is not sufficient to state that a material is recyclable (Thormark 2002), or that recyclable materials were used: One also has to consider the forms for recycling, as well as how to provide for disassembly...
    • ...This is an interesting finding that complements previous studies (Huberman and Pearlmutter 2008; Thormark 2002) and might influence the design of future low-energy buildings, as the more operational energy decreases, the more important it is to pay attention to both energy for material production and to the aspects of the recycling potential...

    Gian Andrea Blenginiet al. Energy-saving policies and low-energy residential buildings: an LCA ca...

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