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High-temperature electrolysis for large-scale hydrogen and syngas production from nuclear energy – summary of system simulation and economic analyses

High-temperature electrolysis for large-scale hydrogen and syngas production from nuclear energy – summary of system simulation and economic analyses,

High-temperature electrolysis for large-scale hydrogen and syngas production from nuclear energy – summary of system simulation and economic analyses   (Citations: 3)
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A research and development program is under way at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to assess the technological and scale-up issues associated with the implementation of solid-oxide electrolysis cell technology for efficient high-temperature hydrogen production from steam. This work is supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, under the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative. This paper will provide an overview of large-scale system modeling results and economic analyses that have been completed to date. System analysis results have been obtained using the commercial code UniSim, augmented with a custom high-temperature electrolyzer module. Economic analysis results were based on the DOE H2A analysis methodology. The process flow diagrams for the system simulations include an advanced nuclear reactor as a source of high-temperature process heat, a power cycle and a coupled steam electrolysis loop. Several reactor types and power cycles have been considered, over a range of reactor outlet temperatures. Pure steam electrolysis for hydrogen production as well as coelectrolysis for syngas production from steam/carbon dioxide mixtures have both been considered. In addition, the feasibility of coupling the high-temperature electrolysis process to biomass and coal-based synthetic fuels production has been considered. These simulations demonstrate that the addition of supplementary nuclear hydrogen to synthetic fuels production from any carbon source minimizes emissions of carbon dioxide during the production process.
Journal: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy - INT J HYDROGEN ENERG , vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 4808-4819, 2010
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