Commissioning of 3.7 GHz LHCD system on ADITYA tokamak and some initial results

Commissioning of 3.7 GHz LHCD system on ADITYA tokamak and some initial results,10.1016/j.fusengdes.2006.06.001,Fusion Engineering and Design,P. K. Sh

Commissioning of 3.7 GHz LHCD system on ADITYA tokamak and some initial results   (Citations: 1)
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P. K. Sharma, S. L. Rao, D. Bora, R. G. Trivedi, K. Mishra, K. Ambulkar, M. K. Gupta, J. Patel, R. Krishna Kumar, P. R. Parmar, A. Thakur, C. Virani
To drive plasma current non-inductively, a lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) system has been designed, fabricated and successfully installed on ADITYA tokamak. The system is designed to launch 120kW of RF power, at a frequency of 3.7GHz. The system mainly consists of a high power CW klystron source, a long waveguide transmission line of about 100m length, a UHV compatible modular waveguide line of about 2.65m, and a conventional grill type antenna. Independent phase shifters, one each in the eight lines, are used to adjust the antenna phasing and also provides the flexibility to launch a composite spectrum. The antenna is designed to launch lower hybrid waves (LHW) with parallel refractive index (N||), in the range, 1<N||<4.5, by appropriately phasing the antenna. Antenna is positioned in the shadow of the poloidal limiter and is provided with 100mm radial movement to achieve optimum coupling conditions.The complete system development includes design, fabrication and testing of number of waveguide components, modular waveguide lines and their integration. Different cost effective fabrication techniques are adopted to achieve good RF performance. Special attention is paid on the flanged joint seals in the long transmission line to minimize the RF losses. The entire LHCD system is calibrated, especially, in terms of phase, insertion loss and return loss measurements.After the successful integration of the system on ADITYA tokamak, some initial experiments have been carried out to assess the system commissioning and its performance. The experiments were done with a plasma (hydrogen) density of 2–5×1012cm−3 at a toroidal magnetic field of 0.8T with 10–25kA of plasma current. Initial results indicate that, good coupling is achieved in the presence of proper edge density. Measurements obtained from second harmonic electron cyclotron emission (ECE) and hard X-ray diagnostics suggest generation of suprathermal electrons in the presence of LH pulse. Plasma current pulse elongation with LH power is observed but needs further investigation to derive conclusions.This paper presents the design, fabrication, testing and integration of the waveguide lines, waveguide components and UHV compatible modular transmission lines of the LHCD system on ADITYA tokamak and discusses some of the initial results.
Journal: Fusion Engineering and Design - FUSION ENG DES , vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 41-53, 2007
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