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Assessment of the Impact of Plug-in Electric Vehicles on Distribution Networks

Assessment of the Impact of Plug-in Electric Vehicles on Distribution Networks,10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2049133,IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,Luis Piel

Assessment of the Impact of Plug-in Electric Vehicles on Distribution Networks   (Citations: 3)
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Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) present environ- mental and energy security advantages versus conventional gasoline vehicles. In the near future, the number of plug-in electric vehicles will likely grow significantly in the world. Despite the aforementioned advantages, the connection of PEV to the power grid poses a series of new challenges for electric utilities. This paper proposes a comprehensive approach for evaluating the im- pact of different levels of PEV penetration on distribution network investment and incremental energy losses. The proposed approach is based on the use of a large-scale distribution planning model which is used to analyze two real distribution areas. Obtained results show that depending on the charging strategies, investment costs can increase up to 15% of total actual distribution network investment costs, and energy losses can increase up to 40% in off-peak hours for a scenario with 60% of total vehicles being PEV.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Power Systems - IEEE TRANS POWER SYST , vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 206-213, 2011
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