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Calibration of pipe roughness coefficient based on manning formula and genetic algorithm

Calibration of pipe roughness coefficient based on manning formula and genetic algorithm,10.1007/s12209-009-0078-2,Transactions of Tianjin University,

Calibration of pipe roughness coefficient based on manning formula and genetic algorithm  
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This paper presents a method to calibrate pipe roughness coefficient (i.e., Manning n-factor) with genetic algorithm (GA) under multiple loading conditions. Due to the old pipe age as well as deleting valves and blends in the skeleton of distribution network, most of the pipes in hydraulic model of practical water distribution system (WDS) are rough. The commonly used Hazen-Williams C-factor is therefore replaced by Manning n-factor in calibrating WDS hydraulic model. Adjustment to GA is designed, and the program efficiency is improved. A case study shows that the adjustment can save 60% of the total runtime. About 90% of the relative differences between simulated and observed pressures at monitoring locations are lower than 3%, which suggests that the proposed adjustment to the calibration is efficient and effective.
Journal: Transactions of Tianjin University , vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 452-456, 2009
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