Solution for (1+1)-dimensional surface solitons in thermal nonlinear media
Analytical solutions for (1+1)-dimensional surface fundamental solitons in thermal nonlinear media are obtained. The stationary position and the critical power of surface solitons are obtained using these analytical solutions. The analytical solutions are verified by numerical simulations. The solutions for surface breathers and their breathing period, along with solutions for surface dipole and tripole solitons, are also given.