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A Remark on Normal Forms and the "Upside-down" I-method for periodic NLS: Growth of Higher Sobolev Norms

A Remark on Normal Forms and the "Upside-down" I-method for periodic NLS: Growth of Higher Sobolev Norms,James Colliander,Soonsik Kwon,Tadahiro Oh

A Remark on Normal Forms and the "Upside-down" I-method for periodic NLS: Growth of Higher Sobolev Norms  
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We study growth of higher Sobolev norms of solutions to the one-dimensional periodic nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLS). By a combination of the normal form reduction and the upside-down I-method, we establish \|u(t)\|_{H^s} \lesssim (1+|t|)^{\alpha (s-1)+} with \alpha = 1 for a general power nonlinearity. In the quintic case, we obtain the above estimate with \alpha = 1/2 via the space-time estimate due to Bourgain [4], [5]. In the cubic case, we concretely compute the terms arising in the first few steps of the normal form reduction and prove the above estimate with \alpha = 4/9. These results improve the previously known results (except for the quintic case.) In Appendix, we also show how Bourgain's idea in [4] on the normal form reduction for the quintic nonlinearity can be applied to other powers.
Published in 2010.
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