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A Break of the Complexity of the Numerical Approximation of Nonlinear SPDEs with Multiplicative Noise

A Break of the Complexity of the Numerical Approximation of Nonlinear SPDEs with Multiplicative Noise,Arnulf Jentzen,Michael Roeckner

A Break of the Complexity of the Numerical Approximation of Nonlinear SPDEs with Multiplicative Noise   (Citations: 2)
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A new algorithm for simulating stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) of evolutionary type, which is in some sense an infinite dimensional analog of Milstein's scheme for finite dimensional stochastic ordinary differential equations (SODEs), is introduced and analyzed in this article. The Milstein scheme is known to be impressively efficient for scalar one-dimensional SODEs but only for some special multidimensional SODEs due to difficult simulations of iterated stochastic integrals in the general multidimensional SODE case. It is a key observation of this article that, in contrast to what one may expect, its infinite dimensional counterpart introduced here is very easy to simulate and this, therefore, leads to a break of the complexity (number of computational operations and random variables needed to compute the scheme) in comparison to previously considered algorithms for simulating nonlinear SPDEs with multiplicative trace class noise. The analysis is supported by numerical results for a stochastic heat equation, stochastic reaction diffusion equations and a stochastic Burgers equation showing significant computational savings.
Published in 2010.
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