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Cross-intersecting families and primitivity of symmetric systems

Cross-intersecting families and primitivity of symmetric systems,10.1016/j.jcta.2010.09.005,Journal of Combinatorial Theory,Jun Wang,Huajun Zhang

Cross-intersecting families and primitivity of symmetric systems   (Citations: 3)
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Let $X$ be a finite set and $\mathfrak p\subseteq 2^X$, the power set of $X$, satisfying three conditions: (a) $\mathfrak p$ is an ideal in $2^X$, that is, if $A\in \mathfrak p$ and $B\subset A$, then $B\in \mathfrak p$; (b) For $A\in 2^X$ with $|A|\geq 2$, $A\in \mathfrak p$ if $\{x,y\}\in \mathfrak p$ for any $x,y\in A$ with $x\neq y$; (c) $\{x\}\in \mathfrak p$ for every $x\in X$. The pair $(X,\mathfrak p)$ is called a symmetric system if there is a group $\Gamma$ transitively acting on $X$ and preserving the ideal $\mathfrak p$. A family $\{A_1,A_2,\ldots,A_m\}\subseteq 2^X$ is said to be a cross-$\mathfrak{p}$-family of $X$ if $\{a, b\}\in \mathfrak{p}$ for any $a\in A_i$ and $b\in A_j$ with $i\neq j$. We prove that if $(X,\mathfrak p)$ is a symmetric system and $\{A_1,A_2,\ldots,A_m\}\subseteq 2^X$ is a cross-$\mathfrak{p}$-family of $X$, then \[\sum_{i=1}^m|{A}_i|\leq\left\{ \begin{array}{cl} |X| & \hbox{if $m\leq \frac{|X|}{\alpha(X,\, \mathfrak p)}$,} \\ m\, \alpha(X,\, \mathfrak p) & \hbox{if $m\geq \frac{|X|}{\alpha{(X,\, \mathfrak p)}}$,} \end{array}\right.\] where $\alpha(X,\, \mathfrak p)=\max\{|A|:A\in\mathfrak p\}$. This generalizes Hilton's theorem on cross-intersecting families of finite sets, and provides analogs for cross-$t$-intersecting families of finite sets, finite vector spaces and permutations, etc. Moreover, the primitivity of symmetric systems is introduced to characterize the optimal families.
Journal: Journal of Combinatorial Theory - JCT , vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 455-462, 2011
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