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Quantum Interference of Stored Coherent Spinwave Excitations in a Two-channel Memory

Quantum Interference of Stored Coherent Spinwave Excitations in a Two-channel Memory,Hai Wang,Shujing Li,Zhongxiao Xu,Xingbo Zhao,Lijun Zhang,Jiahua L

Quantum Interference of Stored Coherent Spinwave Excitations in a Two-channel Memory  
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Quantum memories are essential elements in long-distance quantum networks and quantum computation. Significant advances have been achieved in demonstrating relative long-lived single-channel memory at single-photon level in cold atomic media. However, the qubit memory corresponding to store two-channel spin-wave excitations (SWEs) still faces challenges, including the limitations resulting from Larmor procession, fluctuating ambient magnetic field, and manipulation/measurement of the relative phase between the two channels. Here, we demonstrate a two-channel memory scheme in an ideal tripod atomic system, in which the total readout signal exhibits either constructive or destructive interference when the two-channel SWEs are retrieved by two reading beams with a controllable relative phase. Experimental result indicates quantum coherence between the stored SWEs. Based on such phase-sensitive storage/retrieval scheme, measurements of the relative phase between the two SWEs and Rabi oscillation, as well as elimination of the collapse and revival of the readout signal, are experimentally demonstrated.
Published in 2010.
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