Determinants of Hyperhomocysteinemia After Gastric Bypass Surgery in Obese Subjects

Determinants of Hyperhomocysteinemia After Gastric Bypass Surgery in Obese Subjects,10.1007/s11695-010-0269-x,Obesity Surgery,Séverine Ledoux,Muriel C

Determinants of Hyperhomocysteinemia After Gastric Bypass Surgery in Obese Subjects   (Citations: 1)
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Background  Effectiveness of gastric bypass (GBP) on reduction of vascular risk factors is well established, but GBP induces nutritional deficits that could reduce the cardiovascular benefit of weight loss. Particularly, hyperhomocysteinemia, now clearly identified as a vascular risk factor, has been described after GBP. The aim of this study was to clarify the factors associated with increased homocysteine concentration after GBP. Methods  Homocysteine concentration and multiple nutritional parameters were measured in 213 consecutive subjects. One hundred and eight subjects were studied before surgery (control (CT)), 115 one to 6 years after GBP, and 41 both before and 6 months after GBP. Results  Homocysteine concentration did not differ before and after GBP (9.1 ± 3.2 vs 8.6 ± 3.4 μmol/l), but 94% of subjects had been supplemented with a multivitamin preparation after surgery. The nutritional parameters best correlated with homocysteine concentration both before and after GBP were folate and creatinine concentrations (p < 0.0001). In contrast, vitamin B12 and metabolic parameters (including glucose, insulin, lipids and C-reactive protein) were not associated with homocysteine concentration. After GBP, homocysteine concentration was significantly lower in subjects taking a multivitamin supplementation containing a high dose of folate than those who did not (7.7 ± 2.8 vs 10.1 ± 3.9 μmol/l, p < 0.0001). Conclusions  The main determinants of homocysteine concentration identified in this study are folate and serum creatinine. Multivitamin supplementation with a high dose of folate prevents hyperhomocysteinemia after GBP.
Journal: Obesity Surgery - OBES SURG , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 78-86, 2011
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    • ...However, no difference in the serum homocysteine concentrations between obese and nonobese subjects has also been reported [7, 8]. Gomez-Ambrosi et al. [9], Ledoux et al. [10], and our group [6] did not observe significant changes in serum homocysteine concentrations after bariatric surgery, while other studies showed decrease [11, 12 ]o r increase [13–17] in serum homocysteine concentrations after bariatric surgery...

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