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Effect of the Mediterranean diet with and without weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in men with the metabolic syndrome

Effect of the Mediterranean diet with and without weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in men with the metabolic syndrome,10.1016/j.numecd.2010.

Effect of the Mediterranean diet with and without weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in men with the metabolic syndrome   (Citations: 2)
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Background and aimsNo study has yet examined how weight loss modifies the impact of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on cardiovascular risk factors in men with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of MedDiet, with and without weight loss, to modify the cardiometabolic risk profile of male patients with MetS.
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    • ...The study has already been described in details in a previous publication [13]...
    • ...Diets and study design Figure 1 shows the study design [13]...
    • ...Standardized 7-day cyclic menus and daily servings of various food categories for the control diet and the MedDiet are presented in the web appendix [13] (Tables 1a, 1b, and 1c)...
    • ...Men were instructed to consume only the meals provided and to maintain their usual levels of physical activity. Fig. 1 Study design as shown in [13]...
    • ...Table 1 Mean nutritional composition of the control diet and the Mediterranean diet in the absence of weight loss and after weight loss [13]...
    • ...As shown previously, the MedDiet in the absence of weight loss led to significant reductions in total plasma cholesterol (C) (-7.1%), and LDL-C (-9.3%) concentrations (both p \ 0.001) [13]...
    • ...Table 2 Physical characteristics and plasma lipid profile of the 26 subjects at screening [13]...
    • ...MedDiet with and without weight loss on features of the MetS have been published previously [13]...
    • ...Data also showed that consumption of the MedDiet in the absence of clinically meaningful weight loss was associated with 7‐9% reductions in total-C and LDL-C [13], while no significant change in plasma CAM concentrations was noted...
    • ...This may suggest that changes in plasma CAM concentrations may take longer to occur with the MedDiet in the absence of weight loss than changes in plasma cholesterol concentrations, which were highly significant after 5 weeks on treatment [13]...

    Caroline Richardet al. Impact of the Mediterranean diet with and without weight loss on plasm...

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