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Commercial bank net interest margins, default risk, interest-rate risk, and off-balance sheet banking

Commercial bank net interest margins, default risk, interest-rate risk, and off-balance sheet banking,10.1016/S0378-4266(96)00025-8,Journal of Banking

Commercial bank net interest margins, default risk, interest-rate risk, and off-balance sheet banking   (Citations: 94)
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This paper tests the hypothesis that banks with more risky loans and higher interest-rate risk exposure would select loan and deposit rates to achieve higher net interest margins. Call Report data for different size classes of banks for 1989–1993 show that the net interest margins of commercial banks reflect both default and interest-rate risk premia. The net interest margins of money-center banks are affected by default risk, but not by interest rate risk, which is consistent with their greater concentration in short-term assets and off-balance sheet (OBS) hedging instruments. By contrast, (super-) regional banking firms are sensitive to interest-rate risk but not to default risk. The data show that OBS activities promote a more diversified, margins-generating asset base than deposit- or equity-financing, and that cross-sectional differences in interest-rate risk and liquidity risk are related to differences in OBS exposure.
Journal: Journal of Banking & Finance - J BANK FINAN , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 55-87, 1997
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