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A postural change test improves the prediction of a radiological maxillary sinusitis by ultrasonography in mechanically ventilated patients

A postural change test improves the prediction of a radiological maxillary sinusitis by ultrasonography in mechanically ventilated patients,10.1007/s0

A postural change test improves the prediction of a radiological maxillary sinusitis by ultrasonography in mechanically ventilated patients   (Citations: 5)
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Objective  The aim of this study was to evaluate a postural change test during sinus ultrasound, compared with CT scan, in case of partial sinusogram to differentiate air-fluid level from mucosal thickening. Design  Prospective clinical investigation. Setting  Medical intensive care unit. Patients  150 intubated patients. Interventions  Patients were examined by sinus ultrasound in half-sitting position. A partial sinusogram was defined as the sole visualization of the hyperechogenic posterior wall of the sinus. In this situation, a postural change was performed and ultrasound was achieved in supine position. If the partial sinusogram disappeared when the patient was placed in a supine position (positive test), the partial sinusogram was an air-fluid level. If the partial sinusogram did not disappear (negative test), we considered it as a mucosal thickening. The CT and ultrasound were performed on the same day. Radiological maxillary sinusitis (RMS) on CT was defined as the presence of an air-fluid level. Absence of RMS on CT was defined as normal sinus or as the presence of mucosal thickening. Measurements and results  300 sinuses were examined. A partial sinusogram was found in 90 sinuses and CT scan confirmed the presence of RMS in 55 sinuses (61%). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of postural change test compared with CT were, respectively, 94.6, 85.6, 91.2 and 90.9%. The positive predictive value increased from 61 to 91.2% after the postural change test. Conclusions  In case of a partial sinusogram, a postural change increases the accuracy of ultrasound to diagnose RMS.
Journal: Intensive Care Medicine - INTENS CARE MED , vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1474-1478, 2007
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