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Predictive factors for complications in elderly patients who underwent head and neck oncologic surgery

Predictive factors for complications in elderly patients who underwent head and neck oncologic surgery,10.1002/hed.20671,Head and Neck-journal for The

Predictive factors for complications in elderly patients who underwent head and neck oncologic surgery   (Citations: 8)
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Background. Postoperative complications are rele- vant outcomes in patients with head and neck tumor who have undergone surgery. Few trials have assessed predictive factors in older patients. We assessed the predictive effect of preopera- tive clinical factors on postoperative complications. Methods. We conducted a cohort study with 242 patients older than 70 years with head and neck cancer who underwent surgery. Logistic regression identified predictive factors for postoperative complications. Significant variables were used to build a predictive index. Results. Comorbidities were present in 87.6% of patients, and 56.6% had some type of complication (44.6% local and 28.5% systemic). Male sex, bilateral neck dissection, presence of 2 or more comorbidities, reconstruction, and clinical stage IV were associated with postoperative complications. The predic- tive index showed a receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC) area of 0.69. Conclusion. It is possible to predict postoperative complica- tions in older patients with head and neck tumors who under- went oncologic surgery using clinical preoperative variables. V V C 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 30: 170-177, 2008
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