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Randomized trial of perineal massage during pregnancy: Perineal symptoms three months after delivery

Randomized trial of perineal massage during pregnancy: Perineal symptoms three months after delivery,10.1016/S0002-9378(00)70493-5,American Journal of

Randomized trial of perineal massage during pregnancy: Perineal symptoms three months after delivery   (Citations: 15)
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of perineal massage performed during pregnancy on perineal symptoms 3 months after delivery. Study Design: Pregnant women from 5 hospitals in the province of Quebec, Canada, participated in this single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. All participants received oral and written information on the prevention of perineal trauma. Women in the experimental group were taught the perineal massage technique and were asked to perform a 10-minute perineal massage daily from the 34th through 35th weeks of pregnancy until delivery. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire on perineal pain, dyspareunia, sexual satisfaction, and incontinence of urine, flatus, and stool at the time of enrollment and 3 months after delivery. Results: Among participants without a previous vaginal birth there were no differences between the massage (n = 283) and the control (n = 289) groups with respect to perineal pain, dyspareunia, sexual satisfaction, and incontinence of urine, gas, or stool 3 months post partum. Among women with a previous vaginal birth more women in the massage group (n = 187) than in the control group (n = 190) were free of perineal pain (93.6% vs 85.8%; P = .01) but the frequencies of dyspareunia and incontinence of urine, gas, or stool were similar in the 2 groups. Conclusions: Perineal massage during pregnancy neither impairs nor substantially protects perineal function at 3 months post partum. (Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;182:76-80.)
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    • ... (1034 without previous vaginal birth); 1522 completed Randomized, single-blind, controlled trial Perineal massage(self-administered), 10 min daily from 34–35th weeks till delivery) vs. usual obstetric care Intact perineum; Episiotomy Treated women without previous vaginal birth were more likely to have intact perineum (24.3% than controls (15.1%); there was no difference in perineal outcome among women with a previous vaginal birth) [93] ...

    Adriane Fugh-Bermanaet al. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in reproductive-age women...

    • ...The technique applied by Avery & Burket (1986) is quoted as the technique employed in a number of subsequent studies (Avery & Van Arsdale 1987; Labrecque et al. 1994, 2000) and seems to be the basis of others (Mynaugh 1991; Shipman et al. 1997; Bodner-Adler et al. 2002; Eogan et al. 2006)...

    L. E. Joneset al. The application of antenatal perineal massage: a review of literature ...

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