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Dietary soy modulation of biochemical parameters in DMBA-induced mammary tumors

Dietary soy modulation of biochemical parameters in DMBA-induced mammary tumors,10.1016/S0304-3835(02)00326-9,Cancer Letters,Daniela Gallo,Gabriella F

Dietary soy modulation of biochemical parameters in DMBA-induced mammary tumors   (Citations: 3)
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The aim of this study was to extend our previous observations on the soy modulation of biochemical parameters in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced rat mammary tumors, by simultaneously investigating the expression of estrogen receptor-α (ERα), estrogen receptor-β (ERβ), progesterone receptor (PR), apoptosis, neu, and markers of cell proliferation, such as proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) by immunohistochemistry. The percentage of ERα positive tumors was 65.8% in masses from control animals, and significantly dropped to 36.8% in tumors from soy treated rats (P=0.010). The percentage of ERβ positive tumors was 70.3% in masses from control animals vs. 50.0% in tumors from soy exposed animals (P=0.066). Moreover, the percentage of cases which were both ERα and ERβ positive was significantly lower (17.6%) in soy treated than in control animals (51.3%) (P=0.006). The percentage of PR positive tumors was 34.2% in control animals vs. 2.6% in tumors from soy treated rats (P=0.0006). There were no statistically significant differences in the percentage of tumors positively stained for neu, apoptosis, or PCNA, in control vs. soy treated rats. However, when analyzing the reciprocal correlation among the different biochemical parameters we showed that, in treated animals, the majority of ERα positive tumors (91.7%) were also PCNA positive (P=0.036). The median percentage of PCNA positivity was significantly higher in ERα positive than in ERα negative tumors (25 vs. 5%) (P=0.0031). Moreover, an association was found between PCNA and neu status since all neu positive tumors were also PCNA positive (P=0.011).
Journal: Cancer Letters - CANCER LETT , vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 43-48, 2002
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