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Genesis and evolution of the 1997-98 El Nino

Genesis and evolution of the 1997-98 El Nino,Science,M. J. Mcphaden

Genesis and evolution of the 1997-98 El Nino   (Citations: 449)
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Journal: Science , 1999
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    • ...van Oldenborgh 2000; Boulanger et al. 2001; Vitart et al. 2003; Shi et al. 2009), there has not been a comprehensive, controlled assessment of the impact of atmospheric initialization on ENSO seasonal prediction using a coupled forecast model...
    • ...McPhaden 1999; van Oldenborgh 2000; Bergman et al. 2001; Boulanger et al. 2001; Lengaigne et al. 2003; Vitart et al. 2003)...
    • ...McPhaden 1999; van Oldenborgh 2000; Bergman et al. 2001; Boulanger et al. 2001; Lengaigne et al. 2003; Vitart et al. 2003)...

    Debra Hudsonet al. The impact of atmospheric initialisation on seasonal prediction of tro...

    • ...The MJO is climatically important because it can have significant impacts on the El Niño– Southern Oscillation (ENSO) [e.g., Moore and Kleeman, 1999; McPhaden, 1999; Takayabu et al., 1999; Kessler and Kleeman, 2000], the Asian‐Australian monsoon [Sikka and Gadgil, 1980; Yasunari, 1981; Krishnamurti and Subramanyam, 1982; Webster, 1983; Wang and Xie, 1997; Lawrence and Webster, 2001; Lau and Waliser, 2005], the Indian Ocean Dipole ...
    • ...In the WP region, westerly wind anomalies associated with the MJO obtain large amplitudes [e.g., McPhaden, 1999]...
    • ...Following Maloney et al. [2008], we conduct such a spectral coherence analysis here using a reference time series of zonal wind stress averaged over 15°S–15°N and 120°E–160°E, where westerly wind anomalies associated with the MJO achieve large amplitudes [e.g., McPhaden, 1999]...

    Wei Yuet al. Observations of eastward propagation of atmospheric intraseasonal osci...

    • ...The 1997–98 El Niño is the strongest on record over past few decades [McPhaden, 1999; Wang and Weisberg, 2000]...

    Zhiyou Jinget al. Upwelling in the continental shelf of northern South China Sea associa...

    • ...While SST anomalies in the eastern equatorial Pacific turn negative in May 1998 (McPhaden 1999), pronounced El Nin ˜o-induced anomalies persist through the 1998 summer, especially in the TIO-NW Pacific regions (Du et al. 2009)...

    Jasti Sriranga Chowdaryet al. Predictability of Northwest Pacific climate during summer and the role...

    • ...In the first test, SST during 1997 is replaced by SST during 1998 (98SST in Table 2). This is done with the expectation that the model may not properly respond to the anomalous SST pattern that occurred during 1997 (e.g., McPhaden 1999), since the MJO signal generated within a model does not necessarily reflect the SST distribution (e.g., Zheng et al. 2004)...
    • ...Note that the Case 3 (May 1997 MJO event) was followed shortly by a very strong ENSO event in the summer (McPhaden 1999)...

    Pallav Rayet al. Role of the atmospheric mean state on the initiation of the Madden-Jul...

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