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Profiling of apoptosis genes identifies distinct types of primary cutaneous large B cell lymphoma

Profiling of apoptosis genes identifies distinct types of primary cutaneous large B cell lymphoma,10.1002/path.2374,Journal of Pathology,J. C. van Gal

Profiling of apoptosis genes identifies distinct types of primary cutaneous large B cell lymphoma   (Citations: 5)
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Two distinct primary cutaneous large B cell lymphomas are recognized: primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma (PCFCL), characterized by an excellent prognosis, and primary cutaneous large B cell lymphoma, leg-type (PCLBCL leg-type), with an unfavourable prognosis. To determine whether inhibition of the apoptosis pathways may underlie the difference in clinical outcome between PCFCL and PCLBCL leg-type, we investigated the expression of only apoptosis-related genes by microarray expression profiling. Unsupervised cluster analysis was carried out using 169 genes involved in apoptosis on a group of 21 previously untreated patients diagnosed with primary cutaneous large B cell lymphoma. Cluster analysis resulted in two separate groups which showed large overlap with the PCFCL and PCLBCL leg-type. One group was characterized by high expression levels of pro- and anti-apoptotic genes. The other group was characterized by high expression levels of apoptosis-inducing cytotoxic effector genes, possibly reflecting a cellular cytotoxic immune response. Our results suggest that the clinically favourable PCFCLs are characterized by a relatively intense cellular cytotoxic immune response and that PCLBCL leg-types are characterized by constitutive activation of the intrinsic mediated apoptosis pathway, with concomitant downstream inhibition of this apoptosis pathway. Thus, strategies neutralizing the function of apoptosis-inhibiting proteins might be effective in PCLBCL leg-type.
Journal: Journal of Pathology - J PATHOL , vol. 215, no. 3, pp. 340-346, 2008
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